Key Area One: Infant Nutrition

Breastfeeding: Encourage and support exclusive breastfeeding for first six months and then continue breastfeeding to 12 months and beyond.

 

 

 

 

Key discussion points:

  • Advice on establishment, including length and number of feeds
  • Positioning and attachment
  • Management of problems (painful nipples, breast fullness, engorgement, blocked ducts, mastitis, supply, thrush, refusal)
  • Maternal diet
  • Breastfeeding & work
  • Expressing
  • Support services for breastfeeding
  • If complementary feeding discuss implications and the possibility of re-establishing breastfeeding
  • Safe infant formula feeding (if participant not breastfeeding)

Introduction of solids: Educate mothers on the introduction of  solids into the babies diet at around six months and for the baby to be eating a full range of the family diet by 12 months. This is for the general infant population. However, The Dietary Guidelines for Children and Adolescents in Australia (NHMRC, 2003) acknowledge that there are individual infants who may benefit from introduction of solids earlier than 6 months (but not before 4 months) of age.

Key discussion points:

  • Child development
  • Recommended time to introduce solids
  • How to know if baby is ready for solids

Key Area Two: Your Baby and Physical Activity

Sleep and settling: Empowering mothers to understand patterns of behaviour and the importance of parent child interaction

Key discussion points:

  • Sleep cycles and feeding patterns
  • Tired signs
  • Crying
  • Settling strategies
  • Baby cues

Baby movement: For mothers to understand when a baby is born the baby’s body responds automatically to certain movements and positions. These are known as reflexes. As the baby grows and gains more control over their body these reflexes disappear. A child’s earliest experiences are important in shaping future development and the amount of stimulation a baby receives has a direct effect on this.

Key discussion points:

  • Infant reflexes
  • Sense perception
  • Infant playtime
  • Tummy time

Key Area Three: Your Physical Activity and Nutrition

Postnatal physical activity: To encourage mothers to commence some activity, usually walking, which is a good way to start to get back into shape after having a baby. Exercise needs to begin gradually. There are some specific exercises that will help  tummy and pelvic floor muscles.

Key discussion points:

  • The benefits of physical activity after birth
  • Exercise after caesarean birth (if appropriate)
  • Pelvic floor exercises
  • Ways to increase activity

Nutrition for adults: particularly new mothers: For new mothers to understand the food they eat is crucial in giving them the energy they need each day. Preparing nourishing meals is important. Breastfeeding mothers have some extra nutritional needs.

Key discussion points:

  • Dietary needs
  • Australian dietary guidelines
  • Breastfeeding mothers
  • Quick meal ideas
  • Food preparation ideas

Key Area Four: Social Support

Being a new parent: Over the first six months many things impact on a new parent. Lifestyles and relationships change and develop.

Key discussion points:

  • New mothers groups
  • Relationship changes for new parents